Weston Favell Primary School

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Weston Favell CE Primary School follows the National Curriculum programs of study for the teaching of mathematics and aims to excel in its three core areas:

  • Fluency
  • Reasoning
  • Problem solving

Fluency is when the children are secure with the fundamental workings of the number system, so that they are able to flexibly and efficiently apply their number skills to other areas of maths. Being fluent with the number system is important as this feeds into all number based work and wider problem solving activities that children will face throughout their maths education.

Reasoning is when the children are able to make generalised statements about the mathematical knowledge they are working on. They are able to make suggestions as to why a problem may be correct or incorrect, as well as being able to prove it by making a generalisation – a rule that is true for all cases. Whilst reasoning, the children are taught to design or pursue a line of enquiry by applying their knowledge of number relationships.

Problem solving is something the children will be exposed to when they are able to fluently use number and reason with it appropriately. They can then use these skills and apply them to a wide range of everyday problems; they will be able to break problems down into smaller steps and then solve them.

The children throughout Weston Favell CE Primary School will be exposed to fluency, reasoning and problem solving within their maths lessons at an appropriate level for their age.

Our staff from Years 1 – 6 plan using the National Curriculum to sequence and pitch lessons at an appropriate level, whilst also consulting the White Rose Maths Hub and guidelines given by the National Centre for Excellence in Teaching Mathematics (NCETM). Children learn, practise and aim to master skills, to gain a greater depth of key concepts in mathematics. At Weston Favell CE Primary School, we have found that the children learn best when following a CPA (concrete – pictorial – abstract) approach to their learning and the teaching of maths. Once secure and confident with one stage of this process, the children will move onto the next. The CPA approach is used throughout school, across a range of topics and children are encouraged to move flexibly through it.

In Reception and Pre-school, children are given a strong grounding in number so that they can count confidently, have a deep understanding of numbers to 10 and the relationships and patterns within these. We provide frequent and varied opportunities to build and apply this understanding, starting with concrete resources which can be manipulated by children, before moving onto pictorial and abstract representations. 

Children are informally assessed throughout their time in Early Years to ensure they meet the age expected level. At the end of the Reception year, children are assessed against the Early Learning Goals for Number and Numerical patterns and this is reported to parents. 

At Weston Favell, inspiring children to learn is at the heart of what we do so progress in maths is both easy and fun for children and teachers. We support our children to develop the skills they need to tackle problems – lessons include questioning, deep thinking and the children’s contributions and suggestions are valued. Mistakes are seen as useful, as they help us to learn from them, and being stuck is seen as honourable, with children learning from shared discussion with the teacher, other adults and peers. We encourage the children to believe in themselves and to challenge themselves to reach their potential.

Developing key skills in maths is the foundation to our curriculum so that our children can apply them to real life situations. The children are given a range of practical based activities and open-ended challenges that equip them with the necessary skills in mathematics for them to succeed in the future.

Please see the Calculation policies for each year group, which is a guide for parents to help their child with maths at home. Please also see links to KIRFs (Key Instant Recall Facts) for each year group, which your child should be practising at home.


Please find below some videos which will help you to support your child with their maths learning:

Information on maths across school - fluency, reasoning and problem solving/CPA:


Key skills for maths.  This is linked to our KIRFs (Key Instant Recall Facts) which your child should be practising at home.


How to use Numbots.  (This is primarily aimed at KS1, however, EYFS may use this and some children in lower KS2 may still need to practise using this.)


Manipulatives and online resources for maths - using maths bot:


Maths Calculation Books